MMWR News Synopsis for June 29, 2017

By Newsroom America Feeds at 29 Jun 2017

*Walking for Transportation or Leisure Among U.S. Women and Men National Health Interview Survey, 20052015*

CDC Media Relations

404-639-3286

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*Multistate Outbreak of "Salmonella" Anatum Infections Linked to Imported Hot Peppers United States, MayJuly 2016*

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CDC Media Relations

404-639-3286

*Influenza Update*

CDC Media Relations

404-639-3286

*Walking for Transportation or Leisure Among U.S. Women and Men National Health Interview Survey, 20052015*

CDC Media Relations 404-639-3286

"The proportion of women and men who walk for transportation or leisure increased from 2005 to 2015, although among men, the increase stalled in recent years. "Walking is an easy way for most people to start and maintain a physically active lifestyle, making it an important public health strategy for increasing physical activity. This report examines trends in the proportion of U.S. adults who reported past-week walking for transportation or leisure from 2005 to 2015, using National Health Interview Survey data. Walking increased steadily among women, from 57.3 percent in 2005, to 62.5 percent in 2010, to 65.1 percent in 2015. Among men, walking also increased overall, from 54.3 percent in 2005 to 61.8 percent in 2010, to 62.8 percent in 2015, although the increase stalled between 2010 and 2015. Communities can promote walking by using community- and street-scale design strategies to encourage pedestrian activity and walking programs in the places where people spend the most time.

*Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Anatum Infections Linked to Imported Hot Peppers United States, MayJuly 2016*

CDC Media Relations 404-639-3286

"In June 2016, a multistate outbreak of Salmonella "Anatum" infections was detected, involving 32 patients from nine states with illness onset dates from May 6 to July 9, 2016. Investigational evidence indicated that fresh hot peppers were the likely source of the outbreak. "In summer 2016, local and state health departments, CDC, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) investigated an outbreak of "Salmonella" Anatum infections with an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was performed to further characterize clinical isolates and an Anaheim pepper isolate with the same PFGE pattern from April 2016. The strong genetic relationship between the clinical and food isolates, in combination with the epidemiologic and traceback evidence, indicated that fresh hot peppers were the likely source of the outbreak. However, a single pepper type or source farm could not be identified. This outbreak highlights challenges in reconciling epidemiologic and WGS data, the difficulties of identifying ingredient-level exposures by epidemiologic investigations alone, and the complexity of the hot-pepper supply chain.

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