Green Earthquake Alert in Bosnia & Herzegovina Summary
On 7/27/2012 11:12:22 PM UTC (about 00:24h local time) an earthquake of magnitude 5 occurred in the highly populated region of Bosnia & Herzegovina in Bosnia & Herzegovina. The earthquake happened 5km from Zenica. The nearest populated places are: Carica (16km), Gusti Grab (15km), Sebinje (15km), Donji Banjevac (18km), Busovaca (14km), Kaonik (12km), Kruscica (18km), Kakanj (13km), Lasva (10km), Vitez (16km), Gacice (16km), Dubravica (13km), Gornji Cajdras (8km), Puhovac (9km), Brajkovici (16km), Brnjic (13km), Stranjani (11km), Guca Gora (19km), Gornja Gracanica (4km), Vranduk (9km), Pepelari (10km), Loznik (13km), Nemila (13km), Mitrovici (20km), Begov Han (15km), Serici (19km). The closest civilian airport is Sarajevo Butmir (53km).
Potentially affected critical infrastructure:Nuclear plants: [None] Hydrodams: Rama (55km), Trebisnjica (168km), Drina (130km), Piva (124km), Neretva (63km), Cotina (115km) Airports: Dubrovnik (186km), Ploce (138km), Zabljak (160km), Mostar (105km), Brac (146km), Split (153km), Sinj (118km), Sarajevo Butmir (53km), Lepa Glava (143km), Tuzla West (62km), Tucuma (66km), Udbina (178km), Beograd (belgrade) (198km), Bihac (186km), Gornji (94km), Brochet (198km), Banja Luka (96km), Novi Sad (197km), Osijek (154km), Cepin (156km), Sombor (188km), Gare (191km), Satorhely (198km), Pecs South (197km) Ports: Dubrovnik (174km), Lastovo (183km), Siano (160km), Korkula (155km), Vela Luka (173km), Kardeljevo (137km), Vis Island (192km), Metkovic (131km), Hvar (169km), Makarska (127km), Pucisce (137km), Maslenica (168km), Omis (133km), Split (146km), Trogir (158km), Vranjic (142km), Sibenik (174km), Maslenica (192km)
Based on an automated impact model, this earthquake, which occurred in a region with low vulnerability to natural disasters, has potentially a low humanitarian impact.
Whether international humanitarian aid is needed must be decided by an expert.Event Date Univ. Time: Fri, 7/27/2012 23:12 UTC European Time of the event: Sat, 7/28/2012 01:12 CEST (Brussels, Paris, Rome) East America Time of the event: Fri, 7/27/2012 18:12 EST (New York, Washington) West America Time of the event: Fri, 7/27/2012 15:12 PST (San Francisco, Los Angeles) East Asia Time of the event: Sat, 7/28/2012 08:12 JTI (Tokyo) This email report was automatically created by a computer at: 7/27/2012 11:20:11 PM UTC (7 minutes after the event)
See the GDACS website for live news coverage (including OCHA Situation Reports), the full earthquake report .
For information on emergency response, please consult the GDACS Virtual OSOCC.
Earthquake Event Characteristics Source: European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC) M Magnitude: 5 M Depth: 2 km Location (Lat/Long): 44.22 | 17.96 Country: Bosnia & Herzegovina Province: Bosnia & Herzegovina Region: Bosnia And Herzegovina UTC/GMT (Greenwich time): 7/27/2012 11:12:22 PM Estimated local solar time: 7/28/2012 12:24:12 AM
Population Density near epicenter (people/km2). Image area: 5x3.5 decimal degrees (approx. 550x400km2).
Earthquake Impact Details Potentially affected People Population Data Radius (km) Population Density (people/km?) 1 11 11 2 473 37 5 119943 1527 10 147224 468 20 217197 172 50 586112 74 100 3010074 95 200 7933527 63
The population in the area of this earthquake is 74 people/km?.
The earthquake occurred at 0h local time. At this time a day, more people are at home and therefore more vulnerable to collapsing residential buildings. During traffic hours, people can be affected by collapsing bridges and other road infrastructure.Resilience and Vulnerability
Resilience is the capacity of the population to cope with a hazard. Since much of investments in earthquake preparedness and available funds for quick response is related to household income, the GDP per capita can be used as a rough indicator of resilience.
Bosnia & Herzegovina has a GDP per capita of 1593 PPP$ (Parity Purchasing Power Dollar, about 1 Euro) and is therefore part of the low level income countries. Therefore, the earthquake happened in an area of low resilience.
Based on the combination of 9 indicators, ECHO attributes Bosnia & Herzegovina a low vulnerability.ECHO Intervention Priority Ranking for Bosnia & Herzegovina Overall situation Human Development Human Poverty Exposure to Major Disasters Natural Disasters Conflicts Humanitarian effects of population movement Refugees and IDPs Health of children under five Undernourishment Mortality rates Other vulnerability factors Access to health care Prevalence of HIV, TBC and malaria Gender-specific Human Development Gini Index Source ECHO
Key: Bad - Medium - Good - No data Secondary effects
Probability of secondary effects:Landslides: The maximum slope in the area of the earthquake is 62.786% and the maximum altitude is 2135 m. Since this is a high slope, the risk of earthquake induced landslides is high. Note, however, that the slope data is not reliable on a local scale, while landslides depend very much on local topography, soil and meteorological conditions. Nuclear power plants: There are no nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter. Hydrodams: The following hydrodam installations are near the epicenter: Rama (55km), Trebisnjica (168km), Drina (130km), Piva (124km), Neretva (63km), Cotina (115km)
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