Green Earthquake Alert in Turkey Summary
On 7/4/2012 8:45:29 AM UTC (about 10:36h local time) an earthquake of magnitude 4.5 occurred in the very highly populated region of Balikesir in Turkey. The earthquake happened 30km from Balikesir. The nearest populated places are: Yenikoy (19km), Samli (11km), Kayalar (18km), Alibey (17km), Ilica (9km), Yenikavak (9km), Erecek (3km), Eskimanyas (18km), Darica (11km), ?obanhamidiye (17km), Manyas (18km). The closest civilian airport is Bandirma (45km).
Potentially affected critical infrastructure:Nuclear plants: [None] Hydrodams: Gediz (167km) Airports: Adnan Menderes (191km), Gaziemir (188km), Cigli (173km), Cigli Military Airport (174km), Usak (195km), Akhisar (124km), Akhisar Tsa (105km), Mytilene (145km), Polikhnitos (170km), Kutahya (193km), Edremit Korfez (83km), Balikesir (34km), Canakkale (124km), Imroz (171km), Bursa (104km), Yenisehir (150km), Bandirma (45km), Yalova (154km), Kesan (144km), Tuzla (161km), Alexandroupolis / Dimokritos (192km), Sabiha Gokcen (164km), Ataturk (142km), Samandira (166km), Corlu (136km) Ports: Izmir (179km), Izmir (smyrna) (174km), Foca (154km), Nemrut Bay (153km), Aliaga (144km), Plomarion (166km), Dikili (125km), Kolpis Kallonis (178km), Mitilene (144km), Sigri (190km), Ayvalik (120km), Mithimna (158km), Akcay (88km), Bozcaada (153km), Tavsan Adasi (152km), Cape Helles (143km), Kumkale (140km), Can (126km), Kefalo (162km), Canakkale (127km), Eceabat (131km), Edincik (49km), Bandirma (51km), Gelibolu (116km), Erdek (53km), Mudanya (100km), Borusan (117km), Karabiga (73km), Gemlik (124km), Turkeli Island (70km), Imrali Island (88km), Marmara Island (79km), Sarkoy (100km), Kum Burnu (125km), Yalova (146km), Hereke (173km), Golcuk (189km), Diliskelesi (168km), Tutunciftlik (188km), Yarimca (186km), Derince (191km), Gebze (166km), Tuzla (160km), Alexandroupolis (197km), Buyukada (150km), Burgaz Adasi (148km), Kartal (156km), Maltepe (155km), Bakirkoy (142km), Ereglisi (117km), Erenkoy (155km), Ambarli (137km), Tekirdag (122km), Haydarpasa (156km), Buyukcekmece (137km), Istanbul (157km), Silivri (132km), Anadolu (164km), Beykoz (170km), Sariyer (173km)
Based on an automated impact model, this earthquake, which occurred in a region with low vulnerability to natural disasters, has potentially a low humanitarian impact.
Whether international humanitarian aid is needed must be decided by an expert.Event Date Univ. Time: Wed, 7/4/2012 08:45 UTC European Time of the event: Wed, 7/4/2012 10:45 CEST (Brussels, Paris, Rome) East America Time of the event: Wed, 7/4/2012 03:45 EST (New York, Washington) West America Time of the event: Wed, 7/4/2012 00:45 PST (San Francisco, Los Angeles) East Asia Time of the event: Wed, 7/4/2012 17:45 JTI (Tokyo) This email report was automatically created by a computer at: 7/4/2012 8:57:04 AM UTC (11 minutes after the event)
See the GDACS website for live news coverage (including OCHA Situation Reports), the full earthquake report .
For information on emergency response, please consult the GDACS Virtual OSOCC.
Earthquake Event Characteristics Source: European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC) M Magnitude: 4.5 M Depth: 10 km Location (Lat/Long): 39.92 | 27.86 Country: Turkey Province: Balikesir Region: Western Turkey UTC/GMT (Greenwich time): 7/4/2012 8:45:29 AM Estimated local solar time: 7/4/2012 10:36:55 AM
Population Density near epicenter (people/km2). Image area: 5x3.5 decimal degrees (approx. 550x400km2).
Earthquake Impact Details Potentially affected People Population Data Radius (km) Population Density (people/km?) 1 2 2 2 327 26 5 2451 31 10 5751 18 20 27612 21 50 723388 92 100 1754348 55 200 21845200 173
The population in the area of this earthquake is 92 people/km?.
The earthquake occurred at 10h local time. At this time a day, more people are at work and therefore more vulnerable to collapsing office buildings. During traffic hours, people can be affected by collapsing bridges and other road infrastructure.Resilience and Vulnerability
Resilience is the capacity of the population to cope with a hazard. Since much of investments in earthquake preparedness and available funds for quick response is related to household income, the GDP per capita can be used as a rough indicator of resilience.
Turkey has a GDP per capita of 2964 PPP$ (Parity Purchasing Power Dollar, about 1 Euro) and is therefore part of the low level income countries. Therefore, the earthquake happened in an area of low resilience.
Based on the combination of 9 indicators, ECHO attributes Turkey a low vulnerability.Secondary effects
Probability of secondary effects:Landslides: The maximum slope in the area of the earthquake is 38.255% and the maximum altitude is 1725 m. Since this is a medium slope, the risk of earthquake induced landslides is medium. Note, however, that the slope data is not reliable on a local scale, while landslides depend very much on local topography, soil and meteorological conditions. Nuclear power plants: There are no nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter. Hydrodams: The following hydrodam installations are near the epicenter: Gediz (167km)
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