Category: World » Europe

Jet stream changes since 1960s linked to more extreme weather

15 Jan 11:55 | World

Increased fluctuations in the path of the North Atlantic jet stream since the 1960s coincide with more extreme weather events in Europe such as heat waves, droughts, wildfires and flooding, reports a University of Arizona-led more »

Evolution acceptance in children linked to aptitude, not belief

12 Jan 08:36 | World

In contrast to adults, acceptance of evolution in schoolchildren in the UK is linked to their scientific aptitude rather than conflicts with belief systems, say scientists at the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath. read more »

Trawl of Red Sea surface waters finds little plastic

8 Jan 2018 | World

Researchers are mapping global patterns of marine plastic pollution as alarm grows over floating rubbish. A team led by marine scientist Carlos Duarte from KAUST shows that the level of plastic debris in the Red Sea is relatively more »

Scientists uncover why sauna bathing is good for your health

8 Jan 2018 | World

Over the past couple of years, scientists at the University of Eastern Finland have shown that sauna bathing is associated with a variety of health more »

Is Arctic warming influencing the UK's extreme weather?

4 Jan 2018 | World

Severe snowy weather in winter or extreme rains in summer in the UK might be influenced by warming trends in the Arctic, according to new more »

Hotter temperatures will accelerate migration of asylum-seekers to Europe, says study

22 Dec 2017 | World

New research predicts that migrants applying for asylum in the European Union will nearly triple over the average of the last 15 years by 2100 if carbon emissions continue on their current path. read more »

Could a new app help cure loneliness?

21 Dec 2017 | World

Researchers from Lancaster University are exploring whether technology could be the key to tackling the UK's loneliness epidemic by better connecting older adults with their more »

Human societies evolve along similar paths

19 Dec 2017 | World

Societies ranging from ancient Rome and the Inca empire to modern Britain and China have evolved along similar paths, a huge new study more »

Healthy eating linked to kids' happiness

15 Dec 2017 | World

Healthy eating is associated with better self-esteem and fewer emotional and peer problems, such as having fewer friends or being picked on or bullied, in children regardless of body weight, according to a study. read more »

Industrial Revolution left a damaging psychological 'imprint' on today's populations

11 Dec 2017 | World

People living in the former industrial heartlands of England and Wales are more disposed to negative emotions such as anxiety and depressive moods, more impulsive and more likely to struggle with planning and self-motivation, according to a new study of almost 400,000 personality tests. read more »

Millions of babies, mostly in South Asia, risk brain damage from breathing toxic air

6 Dec 2017 | World

Almost 17 million babies live in areas where air pollution is at least six times higher than international limits, causing them to breathe toxic air and potentially risking their brain development, according to a new paper released by more »

Dogs mouth-lick to communicate with angry humans

28 Nov 2017 | World

Animal behaviour researchers in the UK and Brazil have found that dogs lick their mouths as a response to angry human faces, according to new more »

Mediterranean crossing still world's deadliest for migrants

27 Nov 2017 | World

Crossing the Mediterranean to Europe is “by far the world's deadliest” journey for migrants, with at least 33,761 reported to have died or gone missing between 2000 and 2017, a report more »

Human evolution was uneven and punctuated, suggests new research

16 Nov 2017 | World

Neanderthals survived at least 3,000 years longer than we thought in Southern Iberia - what is now Spain - long after they had died out everywhere else, according to new more »

Half of UK's kids fib about brushing their teeth

9 Nov 2017 | World

Almost half of UK kids fib to some degree about brushing their teeth, with a fifth trying to trick their parents into thinking they've done the job properly, according to a new survey investigating the tooth brushing habits of the more »

Man's earliest ancestors discovered in southern England

9 Nov 2017 | World

Fossils of the oldest mammals related to mankind have been discovered on the Jurassic Coast of Dorset in England. read more »

Europe's drought trends match climate change projections

26 Oct 2017 | World

Researchers have published new findings that suggest European drought trends are lining up with climate change more »

Pollution responsible for 16 percent of deaths globally - Lancet Commission report

23 Oct 2017 | World

Diseases caused by pollution were responsible in 2015 for an estimated 9 million premature deaths -- 16% of all deaths worldwide -- three times more deaths than AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined; and fifteen times more than all wars and other forms of more »

More than 75 percent decrease in total flying insect biomass over 27 years

19 Oct 2017 | World

The total flying insect biomass decreased by more than 75 percent over 27 years in protected areas, according to a study read more »

Reality of living in work poverty revealed

18 Oct 2017 | World

As the number of working families who live in poverty continues to rise in the UK, a new article reveals the severe challenges that low pay, limited working hours and constrained employment opportunities more »

Prehistoric Humans Likely To Have Formed Mating Networks To Avoid Inbreeding

6 Oct 2017 | World

Early humans seem to have recognised the dangers of inbreeding at least 34,000 years ago, and developed surprisingly sophisticated social and mating networks to avoid it, new research has more »

Connection Between Nitrogen Utilization And Groundwater Quality Is Clear

28 Sep 2017 | World

Nitrogen surplus from agriculture has a clear effect on the nitrogen status of the groundwater, according to 70 years of Danish measurement data. read more »

'Pay More, Smoke Less' Possible Effects Of Raising Tobacco Taxes Across EU

21 Sep 2017 | World

Raising tobacco taxes to increase cigarette prices could reduce cigarette consumption and smoking-associated deaths (SADs) in all 28 EU countries, according to a studyread more »

5,000 deaths annually from Dieselgate in Europe

19 Sep 2017 | World

About 425,000 premature deaths annually are associated with the current levels of air pollution in EU28, Norway and Switzerland. More than 90% of these premature deaths are caused by respiratory and cardiovascular diseases related to exposure to fine particulate more »

Much Of The Planet's Land Severely Degraded Owing To Increased Consumption

13 Sep 2017 | World

A new United Nations report warns that a third of the planet’s land is now severely degraded thanks to a doubling in the consumption of natural resources over the past 30 more »

Abuse And Exploitation 'Stark Reality' For Migrant Children Trying To Reach Europe

13 Sep 2017 | World

More than 75 per cent of migrant and refugee children trying to reach Europe via the Central Mediterranean route face appalling levels of abuse, exploitation and trafficking, UNICEF and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) more »

Why Many Russians Have Gladly Agreed To Online Censorship

7 Sep 2017 | World

The Russian government has persuaded many of its citizens to avoid websites and social media platforms that are critical of the government, a new study has more »

What's the annual value of trees? $500 million per megacity, study says

23 Aug 2017 | World

In the megacities that are home to nearly 10 percent of the world's 7.5 billion people, trees provide each city with more than $500 million each year in services that make urban environments cleaner, more affordable and more pleasant places to more »

Telling people not to 'down' drinks could make them drink more

17 Aug 2017 | World

Campaigns designed to stop young people "bolting" drinks can be ineffective and can even make them more likely to do it, new research suggests. read more »

Climate Change Shifts Timing Of European Floods

11 Aug 2017 | World

A new study shows that the timing of the floods has shifted across much of Europe, dramatically in some more »

Spain Is One Of The Countries Where More Heatwaves Are Recorded Annually

10 Aug 2017 | World

Spain has been hit by several record-breaking heatwaves this summer. In fact, Spain is one of the regions in the world where more heatwaves are recorded every year, and their effects indicate a rise in the risk of mortality of between 10% and 20% during these extremely hot more »

Efforts To Reduce Pollution From Agriculture Paying Off Slowly

10 Aug 2017 | World

Efforts by farmers to reduce the amount of fertilizer that reaches drinking water sources can take years to have a positive impact, according to a new study from the University of more »

Researchers Uncover Role Of Western Companies In Uzbek Corruption Scandal

9 Aug 2017 | World

Evidence in a new research report shows that the government of Uzbekistan acted as an organised crime network, with state agencies conducting racketeering activity that benefited political heiress Gulnara Karimova, the elder daughter of Islam Karimov, the leader of Uzbekistan from 1989 to his death in 2016. read more »

'Omnipresent' Effects Of Human Impact On England's Landscape Revealed

31 Jul 2017 | World

'Omnipresent' signs demonstrating the effects of human impact on England's landscape have been revealed by researchers from the University of more »

E-Cigarette Use May Encourage Experimentation With Tobacco, Study Finds

28 Jul 2017 | World

Young people who have tried an e-cigarette may be more likely to go on to smoke cigarettes compared with those who have not, a study led by University of Stirling researchers has more »

UK Not Ready For Brexit's Impact On Food, Report Warns

17 Jul 2017 | World

The UK is unprepared for the most complex ever change to its food system, which will be required before Brexit, according to a new briefing paper published by SPRU, the Science Policy Research Unit at the University of more »

Study Highlights Greenland Ice Sheet Toxicity

11 Jul 2017 | World

The Greenland ice sheet is often seen as a pristine environment, but new research has revealed that may not be the more »

Figuring Out How Fast Greenland Is Melting

10 Jul 2017 | World

A new analysis of Greenland's past temperatures will help scientists figure out how fast the island's vast ice sheet is melting, according to a new report from University of Arizona atmospheric more »

Record High Temperatures Grip Much Of The Globe, More Hot Weather To Come

21 Jun 2017 | World

Extremely high May and June temperatures have broken records in parts of Europe, the Middle East, North Africa and the United States, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said, warning of more heatwaves to more »

Violence And Persecution Uprooted Record 65.6 Million People In 2016

20 Jun 2017 | World

Nearly 66 million people were forcibly displaced from their homes last year, the United Nation refugee agency reported, stressing the “very high” pace at which conflict and persecution is forcing people to flee their more »

One In Five Children In Rich Countries Lives In Poverty: UNICEF

16 Jun 2017 | World

One in five children in high-income countries lives in relative income poverty, and an average of one in eight faces food insecurity, according to a new report released by more »

Polluted Environments Kill 1.4 Million In Europe Annually

14 Jun 2017 | World

As some 1.4 million people in Europe and Central Asia die prematurely each year from polluted environments, a high-level meeting has called for regional leaders to scale up action to stem environmental deaths and more »

Conflict In Ukraine Enters Fourth Year 'With No End In Sight'

14 Jun 2017 | World

Warring parties in eastern Ukraine have repeatedly failed to implement ceasefire agreements, allowing hostilities to escalate and the cumulative death toll to exceed 10,000 as the conflict entered its fourth year, a new report more »

Catastrophe Of Aral Sea Shows 'Men Can Destroy The Planet'

12 Jun 2017 | World

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has visited the Aral Sea – once the world's fourth largest inland sea, that has now shrunk to about a quarter of its original size due to human mismanagement – where he urged the world to take lesson from the catastrophe and to ensure that such tragedies are not more »

Terrorist Attacks In London Condemned

5 Jun 2017 | World

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has strongly condemned the terrorist attacks in London and expressed solidarity with the people and Government of the United Kingdom in the combat against terrorism and violent more »

Pope's Encyclical Boosted His Credibility On Climate Change

24 May 2017 | World

The Pope's 2015 encyclical on climate change did not directly influence people's beliefs about the seriousness of climate change or its effect on the poor, a study has found. The papal message did, however, indirectly influence people's beliefs about climate change by raising the Pope's credibility on that issue, most strongly among more »

Europe: Nearly 25,000 Refugee Children 'In Limbo' At Risk Of Mental Distress

5 May 2017 | World

Nearly 75,000 refugees and migrants, including an estimated 24,600 children, currently stranded in Greece, Bulgaria, Hungary and the Western Balkans are at risk of psychosocial distress caused by living in a protracted state of limbo, UNICEF has more »

UK Government's Counterterrorism Strategy Is Having Little Impact In The NHS

27 Apr 2017 | World

NHS organisations are obliged by law to report people it fears at risk of becoming terrorists under the Prevent strategy - part of the UK government's counterterrorism plan aimed at stopping people becoming terrorists. read more »

Chernobyl 31 Years On: International Cooperation Still Needed To Address Consequences

27 Apr 2017 | World

The United Nations has commemorated the International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day recalling the devastating explosion of 1986 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant which spewed radioactive material to an area stretching 155,000 square kilometres across Belarus, Russia and more »

Mapping Food Color Regulations In The EU And The US

14 Apr 2017 | World

A new study suggests that EU and the US companies and consumers have much to gain from closer cooperation on food colouring. read more »